School Work: Advice Government Agencies -Welfare to Work and JIT

welfare-employment-street-signThe welfare to work program, food stamps and other programs have been criticized. Mainly because of stereotypical thinking of a group and partly (also) because of systematic racism. Hence, for the purpose of this discussion, or rather to keep in line with the prompt of choice  to say the scenario consists of my leading a government agency compromised of one thousand employees who in their job description assists below poverty level families with no father in the home, single parent homes to see how that program is measuring up. In essence, performance measurement of the welfare to work program, and food stamps back to work initiatives.

Advice

Ask evaluation questions. According to Harell et al (n.d) a good performance measurement system should begin with clear evaluative questions. Hence, each department should ask those, or ask (a) did the program have the intended impact? -or- (b) did the program have the intended consequences? These two questions along support positive and or negative results (Harrell et al n.d).

Performance Monitoring. An important question to ask here concerning those adults who participate in the program (s) would be is there a significant number increase in adults who are successful. For example, one of the programs that support participants going back to work is the JIT program, or rather Just In Time Training. Hence, is there a significant increase of adults who enter the program to learn a particular skill that leave the welfare system?

Or rather, look at the fact that state agencies and or programs are being asked to reduce their caseloads. Hence, is Just in Time Training [sufficient] in helping people get back to work

In the graph we see that from the years 1994 to 2010 Families with Children in poverty has increased to 7 million families, however, the estimate of 7 million now includes jobless families with children with AFDC/TANF families at five million over previous years. These indicators reflect that now not only are there generational TANF recipients but also an added measure of people applying for benefits because of loss of employment. Subsequently, the premise here of those who are on welfare is significantly changed. Just in Time Training should give people new skills to return to workforce, or enter the workforce. Also, there is indication that in 2010 the participants in the TANF program dropped significantly to 2 million from 5 million in 1994. Is this because of the welfare to work program or something else?
Recent changes to the federal Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant place new pressures on states to reduce their welfare caseloads and increase the number of families participating in work activities or face financial penalties. At the same time, the new rules make it harder for states to design effective welfare-to-work programs, particularly for those recipients who face the greatest barriers to employment. This policy brief analyzes these challenges in the context of Texas’ welfare program and proposes a set of policy changes designed to help Texas meet the federal requirements while improving outcomes for welfare recipients (Center of public Policy Priorities, 2007).

Process Evaluation. These questions should ask how the program operates and documents procedures and activities. For example, are there workshops, mandatory participation even for those receiving unemployment benefits

And finally,

Cost Evaluation

How much does the program cost?

Related Articles

Evaluation Strategies for Human Services Programs| A Guide for Policymakers and Providers

 TANF Emerging from the Downturn a Weaker Safety Net

. A NEW WELFARE-TO-WORK APPROACH FOR 

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