“One of the things I learnt when I was negotiating was that until I changed myself I could not change others”—Nelson Mandela
That is a true and powerful statement, and I say that because it has taken me many years to get to the point of seeing myself as a “good work” started. That good work has only been made a reality because of my changed mind. I changed my mind about myself, and have tried to live down what other people think about me and develop some kind of moral compass and believe in (not only) what I aspire to help with, but also what I believe will help. In essence, I can only help with what I am allowing (or have allowed) my self to get help with.
If I have not mentioned that I am in counseling, and understand that some people might believe that sharing such personal information is telling ones business. However, I do not see it like that, but do see if I cannot get help then I cannot help anyone, then it is a weakness on my part.
For one thing, I have to ask myself if I aspire to help women then how can I do that if I cannot go and bear all to become free to help? I cannot say that I will help women in whatever manner if I am still angry, or unforgiving, or bogged down with grief. So then, I seek to help myself, thereby, changing myself to become a woman who can help. Therefore, if I aspire to help in any area, such as women need that “to Innovate, Inform, Influence, Inspire” (The Dailey Grind, 2016) then I must change myself. Additionally, some situations we live out change us, some challenge us; however, the most change comes when we do introspection to look deeply into what we need to work [out] within us to save ourselves first.
Concerning our work, and the changes we seek to make, and or, those we work with—or participants. I must say that I cannot hear a team, work with a group if I have issues to address and that are unmet. I believe this is why there are colleagues who do not work well together in collaboration, or are not well matched in the negotiation stage. Consequently, many people might come together for a cause but coming together requires as Spiro (2011) mentions, ‘that leaders be ready’, and goes back to me and counseling to ‘prepare’ myself for the work.
Probably the change I seek is more deeper rooted than many because (like those I help) I speak from a place I have lived already—a place from the heart of the change. Hence, perhaps it would be well to gather other ideas and opinions during the planning. For example, assessing the readiness of the individuals involved” as mentioned Spiro (2011) who asked if people were on the same page concerning the change, or rather, do people have prior experience with functionally illiterate clients? Have they been in the past functionally illiterate? “Do participants speak the same language when it comes to the strategy? Not only the same words, but the same meaning? (26). So what does my team bring with them to the planning of this action?
Are shared values supported? In essence, even those learners, those affected –are all speaking the same language? Ultimately, one should ask how else are we going to help alleviate and rescue the people who are suffering whether in the class or in life outside of the classroom in our every day lives.
Spiro, J. (2011). Leading change step-by-step: Tactics, tools, and tales. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Concerning videos and other materials brought into the classroom an instructor has need to watch or read them first to make sure the content of the work is age appropriate for their learners. Since our class is tenth grade all materials and sites are relevant to the context of the prompts and are made age appropriate by making mandatory sites available through research beforehand and adding those sites to the prompt also give a wealth of information to the student. Consequently, as a teacher without the foresight that YouTube can also be filled with racism and hateful remarks young researchers and learners can become discouraged.
Therefore, keyword searches may be discouraged in the classroom for these prompts which is a disadvantage. Hence, questions are to be considered when video is integrated into lesson planning. According to the Sociological Cinema (2012), teacher should determine relevance, and ask does the material advance learning? Does the material illustrate or amplify? There is also need to evaluate it, according to author, that is, does it meet student, university, or community standards? Is it offensive? Is it disparaging? Is the material disturbing? (Sociological Cinema, 2012).
Other important needs to address when incorporating video in the lesson are venue, video time, and how to test on the subject of watched outside of the classroom.
Other challenges of integrating technology in the learning environment
It may seem less of a challenge to design and or implement a technology based lesson if one is a per subject teacher [i.e, history teacher], but what about the homeschool parent as teacher, or homeschool teachers who instruct on every topic? Will parents have a greater chance of integrating technology into their lessons if they use it? Yes, they will but parents need to learn the what, when, how and why of technology and then move on to the integration more so than the teachers in a public school classroom. Hence, there remains a challenge of teaching out of ignorance. It is the case, that there are still homes that are not technology literate other than using the phone to talk.
The goal then is to use technology at home as a teaching, and learning tool and if one teaches elsewhere then they too are more likely to integrate that literacy of technology. In an Edutopia (2009) article, Technology Integration begins at home the author wrote:
At home — that’s my answer. You see, I think many educators are more apt to carry technology use over from their personal lives into their professional ones than to take it on as a new part of their job. A teacher who uses a digital camera to share images of a home remodel as email attachments with her grown children has begun to understand the power of digital communication in a personal way. A teacher who uses online resources to plan a trip has begun to understand the power of the Web in answering any question one is curious enough about to ask. Once they experience the power and ease of current digital photography or Web-based research in their personal lives, the stage is set for helping them bring technology into their classroom teaching (Edutopia, 2009, para.4)
The integration or use of the internet in the classroom promotes literacy of research, use of browsers and URL’s while invoking critical and logical thinking among all personalities of learners. The use of mind mapping tools allows students to access subjects and or concepts through step by step capabilities, and allow additional material and thought to be added born from that. The use of PowerPoint or presentations through technology in the classroom promote fun, engagement, and graphics to what could originally be a bland topic; and allow, freedom of expression which can help educators to see what the student knows. The use of internet video as a technology in the classroom can be used to introduce subject content, and thus, eliminate boring or uninteresting lectures.
Related Articles & Suggested Readings
United Nations Educations, Scientific and Cultural Organization
Technology Integration Begins at Home
Harnack, A & Kleppinger, E., (1997). Online! A Reference Guide to Using Internet Sources. St. Martin’s Press, Inc. New York, NY. ISBN: 0-312-15023
Lever-Duffy, J. & McDonald, J. B. (2015). Teaching and learning with technology (5th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education
What is Mind Mapping? (and How to Get Started Immediately)
The Arab Muslim Slave Trade of Africans
The African Slave Trade and the Middle Passage
Organization of the Slave Trade
The Transatlantic Slave Trade Database
PowerPoint in the Classroom
Best Practices for Using Video in the Classroom
Effective Use of PowerPoint
Islam: Empire of Faith [Documentary]
Creating Mind Maps from Google Docs
To read Part I
Analyzing the integration of technology into the prompts —
The use of mind mapping, or brainstorming tools in the classroom is an integral component of teaching and learning with technology. In example, Howard Gardner stated that students, or rather, people in general learn differently. Hence, the classroom is where teachers are required to gear instruction to meet the need every student. For example, addition of the mind map, or creation can meet the needs of personality types such as: (a) Visual-Spatial, (b) Musical, (c) Interpersonal, (d) Intrapersonal (e) Linguistic, and (f) Logical-Mathematical.
Further, in example regarding the personalities a logical-mathematical thinker would find values tied with the timeline giving dates of events and noting those more effectively than a bodily-kinesthetic type personality on this project even going as far as to calculate other information that could be relevant to the assignment. Generally speaking, however, each type can be multi-fauceted where learners are prone to more than one way of thinking, or can adapt while visual learners may do well with maps on the project. There are also other benefits to the mind map tool, according to Litemind, (2015).
• Note taking
• Brainstorming (individually or in groups)
• Problem solving
• Studying and memorization
• Researching and consolidating information from multiple sources
• Presenting information
• Gaining insight on complex subjects
• Jogging your creativity (para.4).
Internet research and resources concerning teaching and learning with technology are a necessity probably over all educational literacy because of the World Wide Web and the wealth of information found there, and since the assignment is dealing with the slave trade then the multiple intelligences work well here for learners who need to learn truth about themselves.
Simply put, visual-spatial, musical, inter-intrapersonal, linguistic, and even logical thinkers can appreciate the information they will find on the internet versus what is generally being taught in the public schools. In example, the instructions tell the student to research databases such as slave voyages which could allow the African American student [never meeting their ancestors or knowing anything other than slavery] to know how their people were forced to travel during the Middle Passage, or what caused such a great tribulation.
In addition, the student(s) may gain insight into a culture never shared, or visited outside of the American way of life. Accordingly, a student can travel back in time to learn what the name of the ship was, and even the names of those people. In essence, an interpersonal experience, rather, than an intrapersonal one involving many groups.
On the other hand, since the assignment involves European, Muslim, Africans in content then all groups of people can share in the assignment, though, one experience may be more emotional over the others depending on the information; and is also dependent, on who is learning it. In essence, the expected outcome of the assignment is to incite curiosity in the student as well as developing skills in using the internet in research.
Hanack & Kleppinger (1997), explained:
The Internet links computers together around the world, and when you’re connected to the internet one can communicate with people, schools, organizations, governments, businesses—anyone who has a computer with and internet connection (p.13).
Further, the internet works well in classroom activities such as the slave trade research because students learn to work interdependently or independently. A challenge, however, to research on the internet is avoiding plagiarism. The exercise, or rather all the exercise require that the student present valid and ethical information from sources they gather. Hence, proper documentation and citing of sources is critical when presenting materials. The exercise, then is preparatory for college where critical work is needed in the area of honesty and integrity in writing. Adding URL’s is a key concept as well for this type assignment.
Watch: Multiple Intelligences
Other aspects of teaching and learning with internet research as the technology is:
1. Understanding the internet
2. Researching a specific topic
3. Searching with internet tools
4. Finding a document’s URL
5. Using MLA Style to cite and document sources, and or works sited (Hanack & Kleppinger, 1997, pg.65).
The selected technology for the Muslim religion is internet video, however, PowerPoint has been added to invade thinking, that is, to understand what the learner has taken from the video to present their thoughts combined with further research. YouTube, as a focal point, or rather as a tool to develop an outline holds the key to much sound information such as the thinking concerning public opinion. For example, the government broadcasts speeches, and other news broadcasts can be found there that may be good for the assignment. The prompt gives video as an outline for students to form other evaluative type thinking.
For example, in order to know ‘what elements are unique in Islam’ one would have need to seek further for what is not unique in other religions. In other words, to consider something unique one would have to look past the name Muhammad in Islam, or Christ in Christianity which are common names to their worshippers and ask what is uncommon? So the exercise requires more than one way of thinking. All of the multiple intelligences are at work here and can benefit from the exercise, especially logical and inductive skills, in that, students in their research learn to deduce validity of arguments. Therefore, the United States citizens who blame the Muslim religion for terrorism may come to the conclusion that it is not the Muslims but the Americans who are the terrorist based on their own research. For this exercise and PowerPoint the outcome is to present graphics, video, oratorical work that dispels myths to bring validity to the claim that Muslims are terrorist, or debunking it.
With regard to all the exercises, and while keeping in line with the thought that though these prompts are history –these lessons are learned in real time. Hence, instructors and teachers should be more prepared with not only technology, but with the mind that as a guide there can be no bias to show up in the lessons or the planning thereof. It is the case, that since public school is basic study the instructor should strive to bring truth to the lesson by bringing facts that have been omitted in history, or inciting the aspect of logical thinking into the lesson. This, however, requires one who can thinking logically themselves. Hence, one who teaches should always remain teachable.
Advantages of using PowerPoint Presentations in classroom are:
• Engaging multiple learning styles
• Increasing visual impact
• Improving audience focus
• Providing annotations and highlights
• Analyzing and synthesizing complexities
• Enriching curriculum with interdisciplinary
• Increasing spontaneity and interactivity, and
• Increasing wonder (University of Central Florida, 2016, para. 2).
Also noted by Teach-ology (2016) that PowerPoint as a technology tool in the classroom for students and teachers is that (a) PowerPoint is fun to watch and fun to make, (b) Used correctly, PowerPoint can accommodate all learners’ needs, (c) It has a spell-check function! Something our black boards and overheads lack, (d) It motivates students when used in moderation, (e) It motivates staff, (f) PowerPoint allows you to reflect on your lesson and correct any needed changes. Finally, you can create the perfect lesson, (g) Imagine to be able to print out what you did in class for students that were absent. Better yet, turn the accountability on to students and post your presentations on-line, and (h) PowerPoint is not hard to learn [What’s Good About PowerPoint Section].
Part 1: Prompts
For this assignment you will delve deep to develop understanding of the Europeans from the Modern Era to their claims in the western world which have led to global dissension. Discuss the powerful movements that transformed European society during the early modern era by generating a Mind Map. In the tool you may incorporate graphs and charts, videos, and/or use database research to develop your ideas and support your findings. Briefly describe the origins of each movement. For information to create a Mind Map Click here. To use the mind map tool you may create an account at Googledocs.com. Since there is so much work to gather you may choose a partner for the activity or choose to do the assignment alone.
In your map summarize each of the following by reviewing the timeline at: Essential Humanities.
1. Napoleonic War (1799-1815)
2. Pax Britannica (1815-1914)
3. World War I (1914-1918)
4. Interwar (1918-1939)
5. World War II (1939-1945)
6. Cold War (1945-1991)
7. Contemporary Era (1991-Present)
After watching: The Transatlantic Slave Trade: What did Lead to an African Anticipation? Trace the development of the slave trade. For the initial research you may draw from the internet to gather your sources and to answer the following questions:
1. Under what circumstances did the slave trade begin?
2. How did the Islamic Slave Trade change the existing system?
3. How did it change the again during the Transatlantic Slave Trade?
4. What impact did the slave trade have on Africa and the Western World?
Mandatory internet sites to gather information:
• The African Slave Trade and Middle Passage
• Organization of the Slave Trade, Africa
• Transatlantic Slave Trade
• The Transatlantic Slave Trade Voyages Database
• The Arab Muslim Slave Trade of the Africans—The Untold Story [See Related Articles Part: III].
The Emergence of Islam
America claims that the Nation of Islam, or rather the religion as a whole has much to do with global terrorism. After watching the video Islam: Empire of Faith [Documentary], in a narrated PowerPoint Presentation:
• Discuss the emergence of Islam. Who was the founder and what are the key beliefs of Islam?
• Compare it to other religions that existed at the time of its development.
• What elements are similar?
• What elements are unique to Islam?
• Trace the spread of the religion.
• How did it absorb other cultures?
• In turn, how did it influence others?
Also, in the PowerPoint presentation be sure to include visuals, graphics, charts, and other relevant content.
The topic of crime and business is an interesting one and one cannot even fathom that there are people in business that would actually kill for whatever cause, but one cannot fathom even more the idea of killing for money which is probably why someone would kill. Hence, the idea of murder in the corporate is best believed in Hollywood. However, according to the New York Times, this idea is being given more of a consideration than in the past, because seemingly, courts have struggle with the premise that the corporation as living and breathing. Yet, their acts, as such, should find someone to blame.
E.R. Shipp (1985) wrote:
For years, the courts rejected the notion that a corporation could be charged with a crime. Since it had no mind, it could not be said to have had intent. Gradually it was accepted that a corporation can be held criminally liable for the conduct of agents acting as employees, or for violations of antitrust or regulatory laws. But the idea of corporate ”personhood” stopped short for murder – the killing of one person by another. (Shipp, 1985, para. 1).
I can look at the healthcare industry as a corporate entity and say that many people have been murdered because of intentionally sending people home to die this act being a crime against society. In this instance, the corporation is a privately owned medical facilities, or rather, for profit medical entities. By intent as Seaquist (2013) wrote, that intent does not mean that the harm was intentional,” but that there was harm done which caused damage (Seaquist, 2013). However, one can still say that there is intent when someone is sent home while hospital knows that surgery is of the utmost importance in whether a person lives or dies.
For example, a woman has a heart attack for the third time, and the doctors knowing that she has blockage in her heart that can ultimately kill her decide that because she had no insurance send her home with pills that they tell her will dissolve the clot. This is not malpractice in the sense that no treatment is done, but an intent that would cause harm had the woman died. However, she is alive and well today thanks to healthcare reform which allows all people adequate care without being turned away for inability to pay. Hence, had the woman died, in my opinion this would be a crime, not only against her but against society; in which, she is not the only one with that experience.
Today what would be the legal grounds involved if the perhaps a death or injury claim is brought forth by the family since this type behavior is illegal? Well for one it is a breach of the First Amendment. [See: You’re on the clock: Doctors rush patients out the door].
As far as crime against business, I think stealing from the company is a crime. Stealing, as Seaquist (2013) stated is conversion. She wrote: “If the defendant interferes with someone’s personal property to such a degree that it is ruined or lost, then this is conversion. The tort of conversion consists of permanently depriving the owner of personal property of its use and enjoyment through theft or destruction.” (Seaquist, 2013).
I don’t know if this is the same thing, however, a Texas prosecutor was killed, because a former Justice of the Peace was disgruntled over being fired for stealing computers from the court house, and not only did he kill the prosecutor, but he and his wife killed police chief and his wife in their home as well [See: Death Penalty Sought in Case of Killing of Texas Prosecutors].
Abraham Maslow (1954) wrote a basic satisfaction-progression model which adapts to the philosophy of Humanism. Conversely, the humanism approach would show that all people are basically good people, even with the absence of religious thinking; that is, all people [without thought to religion] have the ability to pursue and maintain basic needs. The hierarchy of needs Maslow (1954) developed, and to paraphrase Baack (2012), stated that for all human-beings to be satisfied the physiological needs of “food, shelter, clothing, and sex” must be met. [Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Section, para. 1]. These in turn, can lead one to pursue needs outside of themselves such as social circles where one meets friends, acquaintance and work relations. Hence, these social needs if they are successful, in turn, lead to esteem, where people, generally are found to be well-liked and held in high regard, and these are where people know that the work they do has meaning; not only for their feelings of esteem, but in helping other which Baack (2012) stated, “esteem leads to self-actualization”, that is what one does in their life’s work makes a difference. [Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Section; para. 2].
The thought of manipulation in the workplace is absolutely appalling. It is the case, that an employer who would play on a person’s need to get them to do anything for their paycheck is unthinkable, however some do just that. For example, an employer, whose vision in the beginning was to help people who had difficulty finding employment, and was successful in starting a ‘reputable’ company helping many. However, the original owner, now deceased, the company was wrested by evil men who now use control over the employees by way of trinkets under the guise of ‘a job well done’. It is the case, that incentives should come in the form of additions to pay allowing the employee to buy what he wishes and if its trinkets or material goods he [the employee] wants he is not manipulated to have them. Additionally, Baack (2012) stated, “The need for power suggests the drive to make others behave in ways they would not otherwise choose. When properly channeled, the need for power can be related to managerial success. To do so, power cannot be created or used in the pursuit of personal goals, and the individual should not place influence ahead of effective performance. [McClelland’s Need Theory; para. 4]. Therefore, the acknowledgment of issues which cause lack of motivation in the workplace with managers who are seen as people of influence, and manipulate by trinkets to persuade their employees to do their bidding unawares; and, no matter how unethical. Hence, anyone who chooses not to participate is not well-liked by management which Baack (2012) wrote, according to Maslow (1954) can impede progress for an employee.
Assuming that all the physiological needs are met through ones’ paycheck the move to social, esteem, and self-actualization are forthcoming. However, one has to trust their boss, or people in supervision over them to such a degree as to allow credit to them [the employer]; even while, waiting to receive a check. In the article, “The Top 9 Things That Ultimately Motivate Employees to Achieve”, Glenn Llopis (2012), wrote there are few key things that motivate a person, they are: (a) Trustworthy Leadership, (b) Being Relevant, (c) Proving other wrong, (d) Career Advancement, (e) No Regrets, (f) Stable Future. These are just a few, however, Llopis (2012) concerning trustworthiness stated:
Leaders that have your back and that are looking out for your best interests – will win the trust of their employees who in turn will be more motivated to achieve. I once had a department manager that always looked out for me. He was upfront in communicating his performance expectations and his feedback was direct. He never treated me like a subordinate and looked for ways to include me in senior management meetings. This opened my eyes to what lied ahead in my career and thus motivated me to reach the next level and in the process exceed the expectations of my boss. [Trustworthy Leadership Section; para. 1].
The scenario where the employer manipulates through the employees’ physiological needs not being met is one of concern, especially when taken from the idea of humanism and the thought that all humans are basically good. Hence, in this case, all people can be considered good until they are proven un-worthy, and this revelation can lead to lack of motivation, or a less than positive image of the employer. Hence, though Maslow’s theory is a good one it does not bring into focus, or rather, allow for greedy employers, or greedy people. Llopis (2012) wrote, “As a leader, be mindful of providing security and stability in how you lead your employees – and watch their motivational levels rise.” [Stable Future Section].
In the article, “The Holy Grail of Workplace Motivation” Skip Weisman (2014) wrote concerning transparency:
For small business owners transparency may be more frightening than autonomy. Transparency is difficult for small business owners because it is opening them up to scrutiny they don’t feel their employees are entitled to….. Transparency breeds significantly higher levels of motivation and commitment because it speaks directly to the level of trust in the workplace. Research has shown that higher levels of trust can be directly related to higher levels of financial performance. Offering transparency shows an employee a direct correlation between their role and the company’s bottom line performance. It allows employees to understand the correlation between their compensation and the results the company achieves. [Autonomy and Transparency Section; para. 1,10].
In this instance, the employer who is not transparent would find it difficult to reward an honest employee, and one can see why not in the sense that wrong doing is shown up by the honest employee who for all purpose is aware of the manipulation. Hence, rewards or incentives which may be well received by needy employees might not be so with on who is honest. In essence, bribes under the pretense of ‘good of a job’ well done are at the expense of the employee and the customers they serve. Hence, to motivate themselves employees, according to Llopis (2012), in the article, “6 Unique Ways to Sustain a High Performance Mentality” to paraphrase stated that the employee should keep a blog to write about lessons and experience which to add, is ideal for those employees who can find no other recourse, except to know what to look for in their other endeavors when searching for employment. [Step6: Write a Blog and Hold Yourself Accountable Section].
Ultimately, according to Maslow having basic or physiological needs met is essential for security in the individual personal life. Hence, the challenge is that these must be met by management which brings further safety to the individual at home, and in the work place. However, the rationale of security is further cemented with (a) trustworthy employers and (b) transparent employers where one’s esteem is made wholesome with shared thinking and goals among superiors and peers. Therefore, if one feels safe then, and esteem is reciprocal this makes one’s work worthwhile. Hence, employers and their management should take measures that all their staff feel their jobs are a safe environment to work to ensure a wholesome environment for everyone.