Civil Rights: The Fight to be Equal with God

Selma_to_Montgomery_MarchesTo be discriminated against in America is so common that those who live in the wake of it come to expect it in some form or another daily if they are awakened to see it. In fact, to be black in America is rough, difficult to be so; however, the problem is not the people who are progenitors of racism and discrimination it is the people who believe themselves equal to the whites perception of themselves. This is not to say that in any way should so called blacks be continually mistreated, or to place themselves in harms way; however, to come to a realistic view and see that if white people see themselves as God in their own eyes, and they rule the country—then also in their eyes every single person that comes to America willingly or not is considered to be, or should become a servant. Consequently,  there is a problem with thinking that everyone should be a servant, and the problem with that thought is those who feel that way have a tendency to mistreat people. Another view is that people who are descendants of slave owners typically have a mindset that America, the nation is theirs because they built it, and that if their money paid for the country to become great; then  regardless of how they came about that money while committing immoral acts against mankind in their minds they are God, that is, God has the money, God owns the land, God writes the policy, God is America’s Dream, and because of this thinking of themselves as God by the white people others should just look over the fact that GOD is racist. In this article there is discussion concerning current policy in regards to civil rights initiatives so called blacks pursuit to become like God.

The Fight to be like God

Of course, today, with President Obama’s position as head of the country some people  may consider that there is not discrimination any longer, or that the country has had a breakthrough since he took office, however, the election of a mixed race only adds fuel to the fact that Obama is half black and half God to the whites, or rather, a pawn to be used by those who to many in their own minds are GOD. In explanation, the CEO of the National Policy Institute, Sam Dickson (2014) spoke concerning the policy set  during the writing of the Declaration of Independence for the country’s break with their motherland Britain, In his video, “America: The God that Failed”, he said that the section of the declaration which speaks about ‘inalienable rights’ was taken off the paper of Britain’s document and placed into the American one. In that he stated that “a man without a country” cannot possibly have the type dedication to the cause of those who call America their home and built it (Dickson, 2014). Speaking frankly,  Dickson is saying that no one can be equal with God–one nation under God rule. The Civil Rights Act of 1964, was created from legislature in the First Amendment to the United States Constitution that mentions rhetoric such as ‘alienable rights given by God—life , liberty and pursuit of freedom’, and ,’ all men are created equal’; however, at the time of the signing did not include blacks. Further, a realistic view of this is that no one can be what God says he is not—equal or otherwise, and it is a fair statement to say that words written by God becomes law. Consequently, here one should be reminded that the three-fifth human clause has yet to be amended. It is the case that great strides have been made as  result of rallies of civil disobedience to God, and notably the subservient blacks did not ask for much.

Initiatives in the Fight to be like God

Dye (2010) wrote that there are differences of opinion concerning racism in the country where whites think not much of it and do not think it a problem, and blacks see it differently stating there is a serious problem with racism (Dye, 2010).  Although, civil rights issues most popular are covered in the legislation there are others that have yet to be such as police brutality which is really brutality by God in uniform and the right to not be murdered in the streets, unarmed like dogs is an ongoing pursuit. Hence, the initiatives set pertaining to the Civil Rights Act of 1964 is paled in comparison to these unsolved. More specifically, civil pursuits of equality  to be like God have been broad and include many milestones in the rights of people of color in all areas of living—mainly protection against discrimination for:  (a) publics places, but not the right to assemble peaceably, but also includes equal access to schools and or equal access to, restaurants, restrooms, (b) outlaw of Jim Crowe laws which prevented access to voting, (c) employment for black people and equal pay standards, and (d) housing which include mortgage lending discrimination and the tendency for landlords to be slum lords. Presently, however, there have been several amendments to the act which now include protection to women in the work place and working while pregnant, right to choice of healthcare, gay or sodomite marriage rights, right to not be bullied, and several court related rights that are written also but are still unequal in quality and perception in the pursuit to be God’s equal. For example, although there is legislation to state that negroes can work along side God instead of being relegated to back doors, cleaning God’s toilet or watching God’s children black women can now work alongside white women and may be as  qualified even more so in some cases or equally as qualified but still make less than their non black colleagues. Additionally, black women and men are lowest paid who work along side their white colleagues, and who all are degreed status; however, here is where the inequality lies, that is, blacks chosen last over whites and even if chosen are paid considerably less than whites and this occurrence can happen in the hiring process. In explanation consider the following scenario:

A local auto parts company is hiring for a management position. After the interviews, however, the Human Resources Department has narrowed the search for a manager down to two candidates who both hold the degreed status required for the position, and they both have the required amount of management experience needed– their names are Christopher Columbus, and Michael Spears. Hence, unable to decide between the two the hiring manager calls both in for a second interview. In the interviews; however, no salary is ever discussed, but  in a meeting between the hiring manager and her boss is where the salary for the position was initially decided that the position would pay $32,000 per year. Additionally, after the interviews the team decides that they will not hire Christopher Columbus and call Michael in for a third and final interview where they will offer his package at that time. Subsequently, at the interview they tell Michael that the position pays $10.00 an hour which is $19,200 per year instead of the $32,000 a year that the hiring managers had previously planned to offer. Hence, this begs the question and asks why? It is the case, that not only is Michael an African American but the team sees that as a chance to save money, and decided that he has the skills needed to fit the job description; however, their decision to not pay him equally as unto the white candidate because of his race is discrimination.

The Right to life, liberty and pursuit of happiness equal to God

How unfortunate, that anyone living in a country as great as America would be subjugated to such biases and discrimination, and one could say that the white man was discriminated against as well, however, the opportunity will await the white over black in greater measure. Moreover,  this type discrimination is difficult to prove and applicants should obtain the ability to seek out information regarding pay in a field or for positions before applying. Generally, however, in the interview applicants are discouraged from raising questions about pay before the subject is brought up. Hence, this occurrence removes any chance of the applicant being warned concerning the agenda against them. In his address concerning women and equal pay discrimination, President Obama stated that unequal pay is not just a woman’s issue but a family issue and the aforementioned scenario addresses that more so, because men are still the heads of the household in many cases, and although in so called black families there are women who are forced into the role of head of the house there is a need for men to be paid as much as white men in the workplace so they too can take care of their families.

President Obama wrote concerning the  Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Restoration Act:

Because while this bill bears her name, Lilly knows this story isn’t just about her. It’s the story of women across this country still earning just 78 cents for every dollar men earn – women of color even less – which means that today, in the year 2009, countless women are still losing thousands of dollars in salary, income and retirement savings over the course of a lifetime. But equal pay is by no means just a women’s issue – it’s a family issue. It’s about parents who find themselves with less money for tuition or child care; couples who wind up with less to retire on; households where, when one breadwinner is paid less than she deserves, that’s the difference between affording the mortgage – or not; between keeping the heat on, or paying the doctor’s bills – or not. And in this economy, when so many folks are already working harder for less and struggling to get by, the last thing they can afford is losing part of each month’s paycheck to simple discrimination. So in signing this bill today, I intend to send a clear message: That making our economy work means making sure it works for everyone. That there are no second class citizens in our workplaces, and that it’s not just unfair and illegal – but bad for business – to pay someone less because of their gender, age, race, ethnicity, religion or disability. And that justice isn’t about some abstract legal theory, or footnote in a casebook – it’s about how our laws affect the daily realities of people’s lives: their ability to make a living and care for their families and achieve their goals (Obama, 2015).

Notably, the pursuit in the fight to be equal to God is ongoing for both genders of the black race, and future policies should reflect change in the areas of: (a) three fifth human amendment, (b) raising the minimum raise, (c) equal fair pay for black men and women, according to their educational level, and more thought and effort placed on anti-bullying legislation to include police brutality.

In the strides to become equal to God, blacks have not gained strides equal to whites in the fifty plus years of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 execution. Moreover, in the shadow of the attitude of  whites in America blacks made a huge mistake in the supposed fight of equality, that is, that God cannot accept the people who they crossed the Atlantic to steal them  from their families, a people of culture, of a continent of African people who were sold into slavery. In addition, so called blacks would be wise to remember that in the eyes of America the slaves cannot be equal to their master whether in education, the workplace, health or welfare, that the servant is not equal to their God, and pursuit to find a place equal is for the white man a dream but for the black man in America who covet such a place has become a nightmare. That a said the pursuit continues.

Related Articles

 America: The God that Failed

Dye, T.R. (2010).  Understanding public policy (13th ed.).  Longman: Pearson Prentice Hall. ISBN: 9780205757428. Custom ISBN: 9781256054160

 Strengthening Civil Rights 

Civil Rights Issues

Democracy or Tyranny

blackpanthers

 If you mean the size of the government as in Big Government where there is too much power given to certain facets thereof then I am inclined to agree, because here I must speak out about police brutality and all that occurs because of narcissism turned loose on the public, or rather, a particular portion.

In speaking of so- called ‘freedom’ and ‘liberty’ and ‘justice’ then someone has definitely missed it here.

Let me explain. It is the case, until recently, or rather I will say times past that I used to believe that when I called the police that I was within my rights as a citizen to be protected under the 1st Amendment to the constitution, however that has changed because I no longer trust the government. In saying that I no longer trust the government means that I no longer trust the police, I no longer trust them. Why? According to the amendment supposedly all people have  a right to life, liberty and pursuit of happiness, but its not that way because I can’t see that fully for everyone. I don’t trust them, the police, because the entire system is corrupt across the board, racism and harassment, and discrimination and murder. I do not trust them, and then if that were not enough they allowed to claim all- out- war on unarmed people; that is, military gear and all. For what? Strong arming? One has to ask since when does a city or state or country give permission for their enforcement to attack their citizens and then call that behavior a civil society when its barbaric?

David Boaz (1997) wrote:

Unfortunately, most governments fail to live up to Thomas Jefferson’s vision in two ways. First, they don’t do a good job of swiftly and surely apprehending and punishing those who violate our rights. Second, they seek to aggrandize themselves by taking on more and more power, intruding themselves into more aspects of our lives, demanding more of our money, and depriving us of our liberty. (Boaz, 1997).

I am inclined to agree, there is not a job doing anything except casting blame in this area. Most people killed at the hand of some mentally deranged cop are innocent. Oops, but they say the victim brought it on themselves, especially the 12 year old playing with a toy gun. Yes, innocent.

I think government, is overpowering for some citizens [See: Third Ohio Man Wrongly Accused of 1975 Murder Exonerated].

Furthermore, Boaz (1997) stated further “This basic understanding of the distinction between society and the state, between the people and the rulers, has deep roots in Western civilization, going back to Samuel’s warning to the people of Israel that a king would take your sons, and your daughters, and your fields and to the Christian concept that the state is conceived in sin.”  (Boaz, 1997).

I can agree with that, except the Christian part. However, as it stands blacks are still banished to the field and treated lower than low in this country and government is the ring leader of all of it. That’s influence, that’s power! So you don’t like all the help with housing, with food, or living and take it out on us in the street?

Crime and Business: Negligent Tort

 

CarOn June 29, 2014, the General Motors Company recalled thousands of vehicles which are said to have faulty mechanics and parts which have led to or have been the cause of serious or fatal injury to consumers.

The models affected are: 1997-2005 Chevrolet Malibu; 1998-2002 Oldsmobile Intrigue; 1999-2004 Oldsmobile Alero; 1999-2005 Pontiac Grand Am; 2000-2005 Chevrolet Impala and Monte Carlo; 2004-2008 Pontiac Grand Prix. The problem?  Reportedly, the ignition key can be bumped out of run position while driving [See: CNN Report| Every General Motors recall in 2014], and it is estimated that as many as 7,610,862 million vehicles are at risk nationwide. Consequently, as noted in news reports there is negligence on behalf of the GM employees; as well, as their CEO, Mary Barra who is accused of covering up faults in the installation of ignition switches the vehicles. This article will show where corporations, notably General Motors, failed or are neglectful and which might reportedly have led to civil action suits against them; hence, the elements of discussion are:  (a) Duty of Care, (b) Standard of Care, (c) Breach of Duty of Care, (d) Actual Causation, (e) Proximate Causation, (f) Actual Injury, and (g) Defenses to Negligence.

The General Motors Company apparently is no stranger to such recalls as this, however, not to such a magnitude because according to the list there have also been a number of recalls; not only for June, but also beginning with February 2014 through September 2014. According to Seaquist (2013) there are at least involved in the Duty of Care, or Reasonable Personal Standard (Seaquist, 2013) which speaks of the standard of behavior expected of a person in a particular situation. For example, there are at least 230 [including fifteen fired] employees accused in the suit, and as mention the CEO.

The article, “GM Admits Incompetence, Negligence Led to Delayed Recall,” disclosed GM’s lack of Duty to Care:

Last month, GM paid a $35 million fine — the largest ever assessed by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration — for failing to report the problem quickly to federal regulators. GM knew about problems with the ignition switches as early as 2001, and in 2005 it told dealers to tell owners to take excess items off their key chains so they wouldn’t drag down the ignition switch. In 2006, an engineer at GM approved a change in the switch design, but didn’t inform the government or change the corresponding part number. In subsequent years, that made it harder for other GM engineers to figure out why older Cobalts’ performed worse than newer ones (The Associated Press, 2014).

In this case, there is a burden of proof for the defendants for them to prove that they are not negligent, according to Seaquist (2013) who wrote concerning the Statutory Duty of Care.

There certain elements:

  1. Defendants have burden of proof to prove they were not negligent.
  2. Plaintiff must prove that the defendant failed at the duty of care.

There is also the element of Foreseeability [actual causation] and Proximate Causation which is direct causation, or the breach of the Duty of Care, or rather the circumstance of negligence which caused the injury and this includes foreseeability which begs the question of whether the defective part was known beforehand. In essence, knowing the part was faulty, and also knowing the consequences beforehand; yet, still allowing the cars out for sale causing injury to consumers (Seaquist, 2014).

Here is the premise, for example, is it foreseeable that people who buy cars have a tendency to add other objects to their key rings, and can be a problem with an already faulty ignition switch? According to the Associated Press article, GM knew and yes they knew there would be a problem, because they apparently recalled vehicles before for the same thing:

A new article stated, “In 2006, an engineer at GM approved a change in the switch design, but didn’t inform the government or change the corresponding part number. In subsequent years, that made it harder for other GM engineers to figure out why older Cobalts performed worse than newer ones. In May, GM recalled another 2.7 million vehicles for various issues. The bulk of the recall was for Chevrolet Malibu cars from 2004-2012 as well as the 2004-2007 Chevrolet Malibu Maxx, 2005-2010 Pontiac G6 and 2007-2010 Saturn Auras, all to modify the brake lamp wiring harness” [The Associate Press, 2014].

The last thing on the list to find negligence on the part of the manufacturing company General Motors is the industry of care which would give reference to expert opinion. Notably, there were also investigations initiated in notice of interviews, and firings which subsequently resulted from those. In the article, “General Motors releases delayed recall investigation, cites negligence and incompetence” Barra reports the finding of the experts in the scandal. The Daily News stated, “In 2006, GM engineer Ray De Giorgio – who designed the switch – approved a change in the switch design, but didn’t inform the government or change the corresponding part number. In subsequent years, that made it harder for other GM engineers to figure out why older Cobalts performed worse than newer ones. Barra confirmed Thursday that two employees placed on leave in April have been fired; De Giorgio was one of those employees.” (The Daily News, 2014). Hence, the manufacturer is in a jam as far as the defendant proving lack of neglect, because they have admitted their part, and as the article stated paid a hefty fine as a result.

Some forms in Defense of Negligence are: (a) Contributory negligence, (b) Comparative negligence or assumption of risk, and (c) Pure Contributory Negligence. The first contributory is where the plaintiff along with the defendant is responsible. In essence, as Seaquest (2013) noted about the snow on the walk, that is yes it is the business owners duty to make sure the snow is shovel, however, if there is snow on walk why did the plaintiff walk on it.  Could he have gone around? Did the customer have to use that business? Who knows? Hence both have a part, although the defendant might owe the greater responsibility for the injury because he did not shovel the walk (Seaquest, 2013). Secondly, Comparative Negligence would stem from the plaintiff help with his injury. Hence, if the defendant sued for two million dollars, and a jury decides that the plaintiff should pay a portion then that total is subtracted from the total award and the plaintiff wins the remained. In example, 2 million – plaintiff deduction/part = remaining award. In the Pure Comparative, the law agrees that the irresponsible party wins something no matter if the accident was caused by the defendant; however, the plaintiff’s award is greater.

Concerning Consumer Protection [ which is mentioned briefly], it is all important and is law which protects customers from harm. Seaquist (2013) wrote:  Strict Liability in Tort In contrast with absolute liability, strict liability is a recently developed theory in law that holds manufacturers, wholesalers, and retailers liable for defects in the design or manufacturing of products that render such products unreasonably dangerous to the intended users (Seaquest, 2014). Consequently, GM has to face Congress on their negligent acts and failure to protect the public they serve [Read: General Motors executives to face Congress over car recall scandal]  in their efforts or lack of thereof in keeping their Duty of Care.

 

 

Sources:
LIABILITY OF AUTOMOBILE MANUFACTURERS FOR UNSAFE DESIGN OF PASSENGER CARS

Business law for managers. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education, Inc.

General Motors releases delayed recall investigation, cites negligence and incompetence

GM Admits Incompetence, Negligence Led to Delayed Recall. Mashable. Business

Money Every General Motors recall in 2014 

Crime and Business: Murder In the Name of Business

images (2)The topic of crime and business is an interesting one and one cannot even fathom that there are people in business that would actually kill for whatever cause, but one cannot fathom even more the idea of killing for money which is probably why someone would kill. Hence, the idea of murder in the corporate is best believed in Hollywood. However, according to the New York Times, this idea is being given more of a consideration than in the past, because seemingly, courts have struggle with the premise that the corporation as living and breathing. Yet, their acts, as such, should find someone to blame.

E.R. Shipp (1985) wrote:

For years, the courts rejected the notion that a corporation could be charged with a crime. Since it had no mind, it could not be said to have had intent. Gradually it was accepted that a corporation can be held criminally liable for the conduct of agents acting as employees, or for violations of antitrust or regulatory laws. But the idea of corporate ”personhood” stopped short for murder – the killing of one person by another. (Shipp, 1985, para. 1).

I can look at the healthcare industry as a corporate entity and say that many people have been murdered because of intentionally sending people home to die this act being a crime against society. In this instance, the corporation is a privately owned medical facilities, or rather, for profit medical entities. By intent as Seaquist (2013) wrote, that intent does not mean that the harm was intentional,” but that there was harm done which caused damage (Seaquist, 2013). However, one can still say that there is intent when someone is sent home while hospital knows that surgery is of the utmost importance in whether a person lives or dies.

For example, a woman has a heart attack for the third time, and the doctors knowing that she has blockage in her heart that can ultimately kill her decide that because she had no insurance send her home with pills that they tell her will dissolve the clot. This is not malpractice in the sense that no treatment is done, but an intent that would cause harm had the woman died. However, she is alive and well today thanks to healthcare reform which allows all people adequate care without being turned away for inability to pay. Hence, had the woman died, in my opinion this would be a crime, not only against her but against society; in which, she is not the only one with that experience.

Today what would be the legal grounds involved if the perhaps a death or injury claim is brought forth by the family since this type behavior is illegal? Well for one it is a breach of the First Amendment. [See: You’re on the clock: Doctors rush patients out the door].

As far as crime against business, I think stealing from the company is a crime. Stealing, as Seaquist (2013) stated is conversion. She wrote: “If the defendant interferes with someone’s personal property to such a degree that it is ruined or lost, then this is conversion. The tort of conversion consists of permanently depriving the owner of personal property of its use and enjoyment through theft or destruction.” (Seaquist, 2013).

I don’t know if this is the same thing, however, a Texas prosecutor was killed, because a former Justice of the Peace was disgruntled over being fired for stealing computers from the court house, and not only did he kill the prosecutor, but he and his wife killed police chief and his wife in their home as well [See: Death Penalty Sought in Case of Killing of Texas Prosecutors].

Sources:

. CAN A CORPORATION COMMIT MURDER?  

FEDERAL HEALTH CARE LAW 

The Lifestyle of Poverty among Black People

hebrews Urie Bronfenbrenner, an ecological theorist proposed that human development is best known in terms of the interaction between individuals and the environments in which they live. He proposed what he calls the “Ecological Theory,” and in this construct is what he termed,  Microsystem,  Mesosystem, Exosystem, and Macrosystem and  says these entities consist of one’s “daily environment, family, school, religion and group affiliations”, and further adds that these can range from poor to excellent. Conversely, all the connections of  the theory have an effect or impact for the individual whether child or adult (Witt & Mossler, 2010). What do all of these have in common? The commonality is that all have played a magnificent part on the black mind which either keep people in poverty or releases them from it. The Bronfenbrenner theory sheds light on most human beings where environment along with other relationships are crucial to development. In this case, poverty and the underlying issues which are indicators of how a person may view the world around them. According to a report from Black Demographics, there are an estimated 44,456,009 million black people living in America which amounts to 14.1 percent of the population as a whole. Conversely, in proportion to these numbers, statistics show that 28.1 black families in America live at the poverty level. (Black Demographics, 2012, Paraphrased). Sadly, there is a stigma attached to African American people which says that all black people are lazy, some do not want to work, or they are criminals.  It is the case that, though these conditions may be warranted in some cases they do not apply for the group as a whole. Consequently, there is difficulty for some when speaking of this lifestyle of poverty from the inside out. Therefore, let this essay serve as a voice for those who cannot speak that the lifestyle of poverty supports everything people do from how a person might view themselves; including, their spiritual self, interaction  in relationships, and especially how one views problems, and/ or the inability to resolve them.  Poverty is multifaceted in American society and it affects more than just shelter but consumes ones entire existence, and to combat it each individual would need to examine and eliminate certain factors or barriers to their impoverished self; hence, mental health is a factor, unemployment, education, relationships, spirituality and other areas of life.

In order to see the entire picture of how the black population has ended up in an impoverished state one would have to go back to the past venue of slavery, because these venues convey truth of how traumatic an event slavery actually was, and as a result create an impoverished lifestyle today.  No one wants to talk about the mental and physical cruelty which was subjected on a people all those years ago, and even today people shout ‘get over’ it as if the hurt, pain and shame can be so easily put away from ones soul.  Inherited grief, the ridicule the scorn, the brute force of a hatred which is seemingly so deep rooted that one cannot dare believe that someone can be so evil against another, and most harrowing of all is that some used Christianity to make their way seem right. It is prejudice and discrimination which still lives on today in the white race and that which keeps black people down. In the article, “What are slavery’s Lingering effects?, the author wrote,  “The enslaved immediately found themselves dependent on their captors for food clothing and shelter, which has subject their descendants to the inequalities of colonization for decades.” (NCR, 2014, Para. 2).  Consequently,  a dependent mind tends to stay that way unless there is light to shed insight that the way out of poverty is to learn to think for oneself; hence, it is the premise that acceptance of a life given is generally passed down to one’s young whether they are rich or poor. It is the case, if one has been viewed as a social outcast for centuries then this would serve as a premise for lifelong habits formed, and what happens next is the acceptance of a poor lifestyle without necessary tools to change their environment. Bronfenbrenner definitely has a great point. Hence, his theory will be used to back up other sources throughout  this article.

Society tends to shun the impoverished adult rather than the children in most instances. Hence, one has a tendency to feel sorry for the children while being most critical of the adults’ inability to come from this lifestyle of defeat. Of course, one would see the reasoning behind this thinking, because no one wants to see a grown man sitting on the lap of a woman, or even worse the lap of the government. However, one should also note that these men and women were children once raised in poverty themselves.  Byron A. Brown, director of Educational Research Solutions consultancy in Botswana writes, “For many years, poverty has dominated international headlines as a global condition. Poverty is pervasive, and it is a chronic socio-economic problem affecting all population groups; adults, adolescents and children in many societies. The impact of poverty on adults can be far-reaching as adults are household heads. In household structures, adult poverty often has a ripple effect downwards, debilitating even the youngest family members. As part of a strategy to alleviate poverty, many societies are encouraging their adults, particularly young adults living in poverty, to participate in programs geared towards poverty reduction. But poor adults are not like mainstream well-to-do adults; poor adults often have complex learning and psychological problems that must be understood before they can participate in any programs. In most cases, these issues are locked in the identity which they developed by virtue of their sustained poverty conditions.” (Brown, 2005, p. 393, Para. 2). I agree wholeheartedly with Browns’ perception of the lifestyle. In the text he deals promptly with the initial impact of generational poverty across the board then narrows that concept down to the black households. However, even though this is enlightening news that someone else sees the clear picture of poverty among the black race does not to ease public conscience of the plight. He adds further, “The common assumption is that adult identity develops as individuals work through conflicts, stigma and stresses that are related to their poverty conditions. Resolving feelings of rejection, the direct physical consequences of deprivation, the consequences of severe stress on social relationships and the stigma attached to being poor, adults gradually consolidate an affirmative sense of self that enables them to accept their position and class in the community/society.” (Brown, 2005, p. 393, Para. 2). The information, in a sense might seem disparaging; however, the acknowledgment that there is a situation stemming from poverty passed down from one’s ancestry does not present biased information. Conversely, when speaking of Bronfenbrenner’s theory of people’s contact with their environment then the premise becomes that one’s choice is limited to their environment; especially in childhood. Hence, people living in poverty have no sense of seeking help outside of their environment. Furthermore, if social programs are available these might lend to help entertain an image of life without poverty, but do nothing to change the mind to free itself from poverty which is inbred thinking wherever that impoverished lifestyle happens to be in the world.

The Exosystem denotes Bronfenbrenner’s theory on social programs. Therefore,  in consideration of fundamentals that slavery has wrought a mind of dependency is one that society has yet to accept and the reproach of such sentiment is seen further in the venue of governmental welfare programs of the United States.  In the broadcast, “’The War on Poverty’Splitting up Black Families Podcast (2005),” guest speaker , Cherylyn Harley LeBon, co-chairman of Project 21, a leadership network of black conservatives suggests that the breakdown of black families as a moral and social construct;  along with,  or even more than slavery began with the entrance of welfare programs. The war on poverty introduced by President Lyndon B Johnson in 1960 set the premise for the downfall of the American black family in that these programs set in place under the pretense of help, actually, tore down the unity of the black family system even further when a mother has to choose whether to have shelter and food for the children; or keep the father in the home when there is not a legal marriage involved. Further notes presented, in statistical data show that in 1964 poverty was about 19 percent and since has dropped to only a 15 percent decrease total for blacks families which is a 4 percent decrease in 50 years. Therefore, however surprising this information might be for some people , it is the case, that one cannot hang on to untruths that an impoverished mind can be freed without provoking thought so the person can see they need the help first. Essentially, a mind which accepts poverty as a way of life has accepted their enslavement and will stay this way until a life changing thought provokes it to seek outside of the environment to which the mindset was bred. Moreover, one must see the United States Government as the slave owner, and see themselves free to walk away. There is no bias in the broadcast, no deceit, because further information was brought forth from the Reparations site (2014), where a study concluded that all states within the Cotton Belt are living in poverty, and shows that in parts of Texas alone there are 81to 100 percent families who live in poverty. Hence, the lingering effects of slavery are overwhelming. Similarly, the reality that black families were split up because of murder or being sold away as is seen in slavery where without the father to protect the wives and children became dependent solely on the slave owner; instead of the man. Hence, this is the same exact scenario just another time frame of life.

Reference to absent fathers is manifest in the article, “Wired for Success,” which speaks to the public in general concerning fathers not living with their children. However, the plight of the black man has been this way for centuries and is a further add to the premise of the impoverished lifestyle. Here we note that society has tagged these men dead beat dads, and granted this is what some are if they do not support their offspring. Here also is a barrier, because for those who work for low or no pay equals no money for the children who live elsewhere. Moreover, not all are dead beats who fall behind in their payments. There are many reasons why some men cannot pay. Consequently, many black men view child support as a modern day ‘lynching’ and do not want to be caught in the noose so they run. The article also links some common factors concerning poverty and the absent parent in general, saying, “Approximately 30% of all American children are born into single-parent homes, and for the black community, that figure is 68%, and also shares more insight which says “Fatherless children are at a dramatically greater risk of drug and alcohol abuse, mental illness, suicide, poor educational performance, teen pregnancy, and criminality, according to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Center for Health Statistics. Over half of all children living with a single mother are living in poverty, a rate 5 to 6 times that of kids living with both parents; Child abuse is significantly more likely to occur in single parent homes than in intact families In single-mother families in the U.S. about 66% of young children live in poverty ”. (Williams, 2011, Para 4). Ray Williams, author of the article brings good data to the table  statically as like that provided above but that is where ‘good’ stop here, because he goes on to group black people and American values in a lump. This information is not all inclusive when the majority of citizens where slave minds frequent are black and poor. He adds this saying, “The Scholastic Aptitude Test scores have declined more than 70 points in the past two decades; children in single-parent families tend to score lower on standardized tests and to receive lower grades in school according to a Congressional Research Service Report.” (Williams, 2011, Para 4). I add, to this in defense of the so called ‘fatherless’ children and say that it is biologically impossible for any child on earth to be produced without the aid of a man. Hence, the term ‘fatherless’ needs to be dispelled from the equation. This statement brings me to my next point while we remember that education has not come easy for black people in America.

Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Theory  pointed to how one’s environment would influence poverty through the ‘Microsystem.  The Mesosystem is of value as well. In the book “Adult Development and Life Assessment” the authors write, ‘The Mesosystem refers to the connection of all the microsystems influencing a child. Changes in one microsystem can impact others. For example, fighting parents create distress in the home, which can influence how well children perform in school.” (Witt & Mossler, 2010, Para. 3). Education in black communities can leave a bad taste in one’s mouth, because in black impoverished neighborhoods there are not only poorly funded schools, but as a result of poor funding there are not adequate resources for learning. This is a personal experience I had with my own children being that we live and have lived all our lives in impoverished neighborhoods, and having experienced single parenthood for the most part I can say that the children suffer for lack of funding because not only do they not have textbooks to take home but they do not learn well. In these schools state testing is given and the children are lowest in the state in the areas of history, reading and math. Furthermore, along with being low-income schools some were pressured with the added threat of passing the test or having their schools close. To date, several high school students who did not pass the TAKS test have not graduated.  Consequently, the tendency for low income school districts to hire  less than adequate teachers or low paid teachers who might have made only C scores in college themselves are not equipped to prepare a child for A grade work; not to mention the ones there for a paycheck only and fall into the category with others which says‘under the pretense of help.” Additionally, parents who are uneducated, or who have to work outside the home cannot help their children. In essence, an uneducated parent, a working parent in some cases are in the same category of an absent parent being that they are not there; or rather cannot be supportive of their children by helping with homework. Conversely, if one or both of the parents cannot read then there is no help there as well. Therefore, what academically can they help with?  Hence, Bronfenbrenner’s theory, although correct, means more than just arguing parents or abusive parents. It is the case that a parent in absentia of an education can affect a child’s performance as well. Society will say here there are opportunities available, however, if the choice of a meal on the table means work, rather than learning to read then the choice is made to work. On the contrary, not every black person sits at home to live off the state. It is the case, that generations of people have inherited their parent’s educational values. Perhaps if there had been rights given to read in slavery then all black people would have literacy would they not? As mentioned earlier, the premise now is that it takes a thought provoking light to reveal the need to look outside of ones environment to seek help to stand up

Of course, poverty is not isolated to the United States because across the globe there are people struggling to break free from the lifestyle. In this we note, that many other countries are adopting social programs as like those in the United States with great success. How can this be when the United States is known for its success in business and otherwise, and still their own citizens; black people are still the poorest of the land? Greg Corombos, author of ‘War on Poverty’ writes, “In some communities, public assistance programs have become a subtle destroyer of the spirit because when you’re looking at multi-generations of families who have been on public assistance, where is the incentive for individuals to want to start businesses and become entrepreneurs? It’s just not there,” (Corombos, 2014, Para. 8). Corombos is exactly right, because an impoverished mind has not a mind for business, except to put food on the table and in many instances it might seem better to allow the government to feed, clothe and shelter as generations before were conditioned to. Slave mentally breeds poverty, and the mind which says why work when I can get all this for nothing. In other words, Massa takes good care of the slaves or so they believe.

A study was presented by Byron Brown (2005) with five adults who had lived their entire lives in poverty, the focus being on individual poverty and households. Results concluded that lifestyle of poverty presented the following: “(a) the participants acknowledged being poor and believed ‘poverty’ is a label that others used to identify them (some reject the poverty label); (b) all held a strong belief that there were important purposes and meaning to their lives, even though they were poor; (c) for many poverty meant, ‘unbelief in self, that they hardly travel  out of the village—frustrated, just locked indoors’; (d) they felt rejection and a sense that other people see them as ‘nobodies’ because of their poverty conditions; and (e) many talked of discomfort, emotional pains from poverty stigmas, deprivation, inadequacies and feelings of hopelessness.” (Brown, 2005. p. 398,  Para. 2). History, education, religion, identity and spirituality have a connection with all of the above. The study is an accurate view into the minds of those who live the lifestyle of poverty. In this view, one can gather that until there is a mind changed then people literally see themselves as having no choice, no hope of a better life and sometimes unknowingly pass that same mind down to their children. This thinking is why society sees entire generations living on the welfare system. Hence, grandmother lived on welfare, daughter lives on welfare, granddaughter, father left his wife, son left his wife, and grandson left his wife and so on.

Spirituality is a great motivator, contributing  to how one gains a meaning into what happens in life. However, for blacks the belief in God far outweighs that of the white people. One may ask how is it that a group of people who have been kidnapped, beaten up, murdered, raped, enslaved, and rejected can still believe there is a God who loves them. Christianity has presented a God who is all about prosperity, and also presents a question that if the God of Christianity is all about prosperity then what happened to the black people? Why are all other people prosperous and this prosperity seen everywhere except with people of color? Since Brenfrenbrenner’s analysis speaks of church as an influence, let us talk about church; or rather religion as it pertains to poverty among blacks and the downfall of the blacks race in America and otherwise. According to a Pew Research study, black people are the most spiritual people in the United States. In the article, “African Americans top U.S. religious measures-Pew”, Stoddard (2009) writes, “Nearly eight in 10 blacks (79 percent) say religion is very important in their lives, compared with 56 percent among all U.S. adults.  Blacks attend religious services and pray more frequently than the general population. While 39 percent of all Americans report attending religious services at least once a week, 53 percent of blacks report the same. Similarly, while 58 percent of all Americans report praying at least once a day, 76 percent of blacks report praying daily. The vast majority of blacks are Protestant (78 percent), compared with 51 percent of the U.S. adult population as a whole.” (Para. 1-3). There is much to be said concerning this because religion, identity and lack of education has much to do with these findings, because although blacks pray to the so called God of prosperity in the Christian sect they are still poor. The Scriptures can explain, “Hear the word of יהוה, you children of Yisra’ĕl, for יהוה has a case against the inhabitants of the land: “For there is no truth or kindness or knowledge of Elohim in the land.  “Swearing, and lying, and murdering, and stealing, and committing adultery have increased. And bloodshed follows bloodshed. “Therefore the land mourns, and everyone living there languishes, with the beasts of the field and the birds of the heavens. And the fish of the sea are taken away. “However, let no one strive or reprove another, for your people are like those striving with a priest. And you shall stumble in the day, and the prophet shall also stumble with you in the night. And I shall make your mother perish.” (Hosea 4:1-5). History recounts that the slaves were stripped of their names, forbidden from reading, or speaking their native language of Hebrew and worst took away our God. How do we know this? One knows because of some of the lyrics of so called slave songs such as Kum Ba Yah (Come by here Yah) in the Hebrew tongue. The book of Deuteronomy Chapter 28, also conveys truths of this matter, saying that the children of Yisra’el would be taken to another land by ship and that the occurrence would not been seen again, there to be sold as bondsmen and women and no man would redeem us. Redeem in this instance would be as in Kinsman Redeemer, however, if all one’s people are sold and scattered to the four corners of the earth then there is no man (kinsman or otherwise) to save us. Hence, poverty is a part of the curses; verse 31-33 says,  “Your ox is slaughtered before your eyes, but you do not eat of it. Your donkey is violently taken from before you, and it is not given back to you. Your sheep are given to your enemies, with no one to save them.  “Your sons and your daughters are given to another people, and your eyes look and fail for them all day long, and your hand powerless.  “A people whom you have not known eat the fruit of your land and all your labours. And you shall be only oppressed and crushed all the days.” (Deuteronomy 28, The Scriptures). It is the case that black people were stripped of their God and forced to worship the god of Christianity. Hence, poverty is the result of idol worship which is a breach of Covenant to the Most High. Hosea conveys truth: “My people have perished for lack of knowledge. Because you have rejected knowledge, I reject you from being priest for Me. Since you have forgotten the Torah of your Elohim, I also forget your children.  “As they were increased, so they sinned against Me. My esteem they have changed into shame.” (Hosea 4:6-7). The study is correct, black people do pray but to the wrong god. It is the case that one cannot argue with statistics.

In closing, I leave a quote from William E.B. Du Bouis, PH.D, from the article, “The Individual and Social Conscience, “It is impossible for the individual to reach the larger social conscience by sheer expansion, by a benevolent endeavor to be interested in all men. This leads inevitably to a tenuous filmy consciousness, a loss of grip on the realities of human beings—on the concrete man. It becomes easily a theoretical rather than a practical humanitarianism, and has often been illustrated in the world’s history by the wavering and doubting of the philanthropic mind. We can only be interested in men by knowing them—knowing them directly, thoroughly, intimately; and this knowing leads ever to the greatest of human discoveries,—the recognition of one’s self in the image of one’s neighbor; the sudden, startling revelation, “This is another Me, that thinks as I think, feels as I feel, suffers even as I suffer.” This is the beginning, and the only true beginning, of the social conscience.” (Excerpt from: The Sacred Unity in All the Diversity”: the Text and a Thematic Analysis of W.E.B. Du Bois’ “The Individual and Social Conscience” (1905)). This is a powerful statement. One that surmises the condition of those who live in an impoverished lifestyle because many cannot understand why years after rights of equality were given do people still have hatred in their hearts, and worst why do people still live in poverty. The Messiah said, that poor would always be among us. Our children want to know why they cannot live in a good house, go to the same schools as their white peers, and seemingly the margins and divides are unconquerable when we see disparages even against the children who can go to college but are not prepared for college when they get there. Hence, education for a black mind is a farce. What about religion? Even the preachers are dumbed down, and are educated fools who do not know truth, and in actuality are helping the lynch mobs to kill our people. Therefore, Religion is a farce. The welfare system is system designed to break up homes and families under the pretense of help, therefore government assistance is a farce. It is the case that the only thing real thing in all this to the black person is their poverty. Hence, each day a person gets up to start another day walking through their impoverished mind, unable to solve problems, unable to find answers because like their mothers and fathers before them their ability to think is limited to the life passed down. Therefore, each individual would need to examine and eliminate certain factors or barriers to their impoverished self.  It is therefore the case that mental health is a factor, unemployment, education, relationships, spirituality and other areas of life. A great writer once wrote, “A theorist, said that family, church, school, and state programs help shape a child’s mind and the world around them. It is my opinion these have failed the black child. Family has failed the black child, religion has failed the black mind, school has not provoked thought, except to brainwash our children when there is no identity to gain of who they are other than how society sees them.” (Spears, 2014). It is written.

Watch: Poverty In America

 Bibliography

Black Demographics, (2012). 12 Black Population: 44.5 million, 14.2% of USA. 

Brown, B., (2005). The incorporation of poverty into adult identity over time: implications for adult education.  INT. J. OF LIFELONG EDUCATION, VOL. 24, NO. 5 (SEPTEMBER-OCTOBER 2005), 393–404. Retrieved (19 March 2014) from: http://library.ashford.edu/databases_a_z.aspx#J

Gillam & Griffith (2010). Prayer and Spiritual Practices for Health Reasons among American Adults: The Role of Race and Ethnicity Author. Journal of Religion and Health, Vol. 49, No. 3 (September 2010), pp. 283-295. Published by: Springer. 

Grohol, J., (2014) The Vicious Cycle of Poverty and Mental Health. 

North American Reparations Task Force (2014). What Are Slavery’s Lingering Effects? Sponsored by: National Commission for Reparations. 

Stoddard, E., (2009). Reuters, African Americans top U.S. religious measures-Pew.

The Scriptures (1998). Translated, Published and distributed by: Institute of Scripture Research. North Riding, South Africa. The Scriptures Publication History, First Edition 1993, Second Edition 1998. IBSN—13-978-0-9585045-4-6

Williams, R., (2011). Wired for Success The decline of fatherhood and the male identity crisis. Psychology Today (2014).  

Williams, R. (2012). “The Sacred Unity in All the Diversity”: the Text and a Thematic Analysis of W.E.B. Du Bois’. “The Individual and Social Conscience” (1905). J Afr Am. (2012) 16:456–497  DOI 10.1007/s12111-011-9171-4. Published online: 23 March 2011. Political Science, Bennett College, 900 East Washington St., Greensboro, NC 27401, USA. # Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, 201.

Witt & Mossler (2010). Adult Development and Life Assessment. Ashford Discovery Series. ISBN 10: 0-9841823-3-0, ISBN 13: 978-0-9841823-3-6, Published by Bridgepoint Education, Inc., 13500 Evening Creek Drive North, Suite 600, San Diego, CA 92128. Copyright © 2010.

Your Sunday Bread, Lord Help My Unbelief

Awesome word. Yes since we know that God is real and made angels and that He will cast Satan out of the heavenlies, but for now he comes as angel of light to fool and trick us then to turn our lives upside down; it would serve as warning to become more aware of the demons among us.

So yes, amen there are demons and they reek havoc in the lives of believers, so imagine what they are doing to those with unbelief…better ask somebody, because the mental institutions are full of people who are under the attack of the enemy and we call them insane because we don’t believe; it’s not normal behavior to run from something or someone not there. But we know that these are spirits and it makes sense that we don’t see them; we can’t see the devil he is spirit. However, we do see him at work in other people.

So are the people who are able to see them really insane or running scared?

Concerning demonic thoughts, hearing voices,

Mark 9:14-29

‘And when they came to the [nine] disciples, they saw a great crowd around them and scribes questioning and disputing with them. And immediately all the crowd, when they saw Jesus [returning from the holy mount, His face and person yet glistening], they were greatly amazed and ran up to Him [and] greeted Him. And He asked them, About what are you questioning and discussing with them?

And one of the throng replied to Him, Teacher, I brought my son to You, for he has a dumb spirit.

And wherever it lays hold of him [so as to make him its own], it dashes him down and convulses him, and he foams [at the mouth] and grinds his teeth, and he [falls into a motionless stupor and] is wasting away. And I asked Your disciples to drive it out, and they were not able [to do it].

And He answered them, O unbelieving generation [without any faith]! How long shall I [have to do] with you? How long am I to bear with you? Bring him to Me.

So they brought [the boy] to Him, and when the spirit saw Him, at once it completely convulsed the boy, and he fell to the ground and kept rolling about, foaming [at the mouth].

And [Jesus] asked his father, How long has he had this? And he answered, From the time he was a little boy.

And it has often thrown him both into fire and into water, intending to kill him. But if You can do anything, do have pity on us and help us.

And Jesus said, [You say to Me], If You can do anything? [Why,] all things can be (are possible) to him who believes!

At once the father of the boy gave [an eager, piercing, inarticulate] cry with tears, and he said, Lord, I believe! [Constantly] help my weakness of faith!

But when Jesus noticed that a crowd [of people] came running together, He rebuked the unclean spirit, saying to it, You dumb and deaf spirit, I charge you to come out of him and never go into him again.

And after giving a [hoarse, clamoring, fear-stricken] shriek of anguish and convulsing him terribly, it came out; and the boy lay [pale and motionless] like a corpse, so that many of them said, He is dead.

But Jesus took [a strong grip of] his hand and began lifting him up, and he stood.

And when He had gone indoors, His disciples asked Him privately, Why could not we drive it out?

And He replied to them, This kind cannot be driven out by anything but prayer and fasting.

When we look at this text we can equate this to all bad behavior, because who said that talking to people who we cannot see there takes precedence over killing someone?

Powerful word, and I ask who can drive the demon out except the glory of our Elohim through fasting and prayer.

Sin in the Big House

In Americathe people of society have become hypocrites, and even the fabric of integrity

which has made America great has been cast aside and replaced with Godlessness. Correctional institutions spring up everywhere with the intention to keep hardened criminals; the bad actors of society away from so-called “good citizens,” but the people kept have become an outlet for clandestine activities and fantasies of the undercover  wicked. Why is it that in the public eye, and the stigma of homosexuality has been broadcast as wrong with reasons given that if one is to have sex then it should be between a man and a woman? Yet, the act of homosexuality has replaced the Godly act between man and woman with a lie; men with men is un-natural and is wrong because God says it is whether behind prison walls or without.  Thus, homosexuality has become an acceptable reason among society that this should take place there; just as unwed sex has been accepted by the whole of society; it is wrong in prison and without. The conversation of sex in prison goes further to say that it is wrong for the guard and prisoner to participate; but why? Is it wrong because it is an act between guard and prisoner, or because two unmarried people should not have sex in the first place? First, it is wrong because God says it, “thou shalt not commit fornication” (Exodus 20:14). Secondly, to have sex while one is incarcerated; especially between an employee of the state and the prisoner he is hired to watch is wrong. It is also noted that not only are most of these excursions between guard and inmate frequent but that each encounter may be coerced; threats of any kind against a human life whether prisoner or free is wrong. Certainly coerced sex is not consensual, because it is rape and  it is wrong. Hence, prison life reveals prisoners raping fellow prisoners in violent attacks, and there is notice of racial initiated vengeance acted out through sexual upheaval.

Prison overcrowding seems to be an additive to an already aggravated situation.

Surely, a guarded prisoner should not endure such horrible treatment from anyone, and especially someone who is of like gender. What rights have another human being no matter the race to take advantage of another human being; hence, homosexuality is wrong and rape is wrong no matter who it is. Women seem to face an even more horrid ordeal than do their male counterparts upon entrance into prison grounds where homosexuality and rape among the females; surprisingly is as common if not more so than that of the men. Society paints a picture of guards being taken advantage of by the women, duped, manipulated into trade of  sexual favors for outside commodities such as drugs and cigarettes not available for the prisoners they guard, but could it be the situation at hand is most certainly initiated and coerced by male guards who can’t fight the temptation; a natural phenomenon  which attracts them to the female they were born to hunt? It is lust at the height of its passion inside the big house as once again someone is literally “screwed” in the name of justice. (De Amicis, A., (2005), Para. 3) Table 1: Taken from GAO Report, GAO/GGD-99-104, page-8 Staff-on-Inmate Sexual Misconduct Allegations Reported and Sustained at BOP, California, and Texas Female Prisons, Calendar Years 1995 to 1998. (De Amicis, A., (2005).

English: Prison guard at Parramatta Correction...English: Prison guard at Parramatta Correctional Centre (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Calendar years 1995 to 1998 Staff-on-inmate sexual misconduct BOP California Texas Total Number of allegations reported

  • 236 BOP
  • 117 California
  • 153 Texas
  • 506 Total

Number of allegations sustained (staff  resignations, employment terminations, or other administrative sanctions)

  • 22 BOP
  • 22 California
  • 48 Texas
  • 92 Total

Total allegations sustained as apercentage of allegations reported

  • 9% BOP
  • 19% California
  • 31% Texas
  • 18% Total

According to the above graph it is obvious that guards are more involved than they admit when it comes to rape and the female prisoner.

A view for the years of 1995 to 1998 reveals

  • 22 allegations for the years during 1995 to 1998
  • 18 staff resigned, 3 were employment terminations and
  • 1 staff reassignment.

As table 1 reflects, each of these allegations involved sexual abuse which is defined by the law as potentially criminal conduct. Out of these 22 allegations, the facts support that 14 allegations were sustained and resulted in criminal prosecution with convictions.” The author goes further to state that there were 6 out if 7 of the officers accused who resigned, and neither faced derogative comments in their file, or jail time. (De Amicis, A., (2005), Para1).

It seems unfair that not all accused don’t face more of a reprimand or suffer lengthy prison sentences because any way the situation is viewed it is rape and is certainly unfair treatment and abuse of women. What is impressive about human beingsbeing kept like cattle or horses in stalls? What is being done to eliminate inhumane conditions,  because according to statistics in relation to prison overcrowding numbers indeed are at a recording breaking high? Further noted is the  result of this overcrowding, sexual abuse, violence, and other unethical conditions is overwhelming. Mariner states, “Prison overcrowding has expanded and has failed to keep up with the pace of inmate numbers.” She states further, “that many state prisons squeeze in many more people than there are designed to hold which leave them bursting at the seams. Numbers indicate that 15 percent of state prisons are in operation above capacity, and federal prisons are 31 percent above recommended capacity”(Mariner, J., (2002), pp. 9, Para 9-10).

The lack of adequate staff  that may also be a cause of prison overflowing from the seams, and it is also noted that not only are trained staff officers scarce, the lack of available funds seem to be an issue when it comes to educating and preparation for duty. Texas is an example given with supra problems in the area of trained corrections staff in the area of inmate work, substance abuse programs and other areas of need. Hence, because of lack of sufficient pay there is an astronomical turnover for staff; being that many are apt to quit because they are underpaid. ” (Mariner, J., (2002), pp. 9, Para 9-10).

“Also, lawsuits filed by prisoners indicate that there is a lack of humane conditions and respect found in offenses like:  “around the clock rack downs in small windowless cells, unheated rooms, no exercise equipment, twenty-four hour video surveillance with female guards to watch them shower and  urinate. Enhanced mental illness issues seem to be a problem as well because of overcrowding, and are under scrutiny by judicial official. There are also reports stating that that those suffering mental illness whose condition and symptoms isolates them, and who face further isolation because of these crowed conditions. The authors states, “the scrutiny of judicial affiliates warranted investigation of complaints filed by plaintiffs included; social isolation, idleness, and limited sensory stimulus aggravated the symptoms of the mentally ill.” (Mariner, J., (2002), pp. 10, Para 7). Therefore, one wonders what is to be the outcome of such horrid and inhumane conditions? Surely there must be further scrutiny and evaluation of issues faced by prisoners who live this way. For rape conjugal visits seem to be a consideration for some male prisoners.

Plans for the future seem to be of immediate concern; the author notes that “The United States Supreme Court has declared that prison rape constitutes “cruel and unusual punishment” under the Eighth Amendment of the U.S Constitution. Despite widespread recognition of the problem, prison officials and law enforcement agencies take little action to combat the occurrence of male rape within the U.S. prison system. Inmates report that prison officials often do not investigate claims of male prison rape and prosecutors rarely bring charges against the perpetrators.” (Wyatt, R., (2006), pp. 579-80, Para. 2).

The graph above shows that this statement is true, and since this is so what can be done for those that can’t seem to keep themselves to themselves. One option is to allow them conjugal visits, but does it, will it work? To reiterate an earlier statement humans are sexual creatures; especially men because of their need sex causes problems. The  author brings another point of view which says, “Prison authorities tend to report lower incidences of prison rape. According to the U.S. Justice Department, only 10% of inmates report physical or sexual assaults. Prison officials admit, however, that they may under report incidents of rape because it is hard for them to tell whether sex acts in prison are non-consensual.” Inmates are often coerced into performing sex acts through non-physical means and appear to be willing participants. Some inmates agree to engage in sex acts with other inmates because they are afraid that if they refuse to do so they will be severely beaten. Therefore, it may seem to prison officials that they have consented to participate in sexual relationships with other inmates.” (Wyatt, R., (2006), pp. 587, Para. 1).

What are the effects of rape in prison whether it male or female? “Psychologically, suicide is one out that prisoner’s take. There is an account of a young boy who was placed in an adult facility because he committed arson, and was there only a week when he was attacked and raped.  The author goes on to say that medical examination declared and confirmed rape, and the boy asked to be placed in single cell for fear of his safety; but was not. The young man wrote home to his father telling him of the violent assaults happening to him, and as the rapes continued the boy finally having enough of it hung himself. (Wyatt, R., (2006), pp. 589, Para. 1).

Concerning health “Studies indicate that the HIV rate among prisoners is “several fold higher” than that of the general public, and indicates that being incarcerated is a cause of the spread of the deadly virus.” (Wyatt, R., (2006), pp. 589-590, Para. 1, 2,).The financial costs of those raped in prison are astronomical, because of law suits brought against prison officials, substance abuse treatment once outside of prison increases. Therefore, costs increase to treat ex-convicts, and there is difficulty for some people to readjust to life outside prison walls; this in turn also affects the safety of society as a whole when people who have suffered brutalized rapes are more likely to commit more crimes outside prison. The author states that, “This finding is especially troubling when one considers that approximately 600,000 inmates are released from U.S. state and federal prisons systems each year.” (Wyatt, R., (2006), pp. 591, Para. 1). Surely, society has an even bigger problem than the law broken. It is when in the midst of despair and defeat people of the religious community say the answer is found in hope in God, and this view begins to make sense when unethical and sinful behaviors run riot for those held captive in the prison system? Is God the way out?  Prison Chaplains seem to think so and consider their job of importance. The author states, “From the research that has been conducted, investigators have found that chaplains occupy a unique position between prisoners and their custodians by overseeing rehabilitation efforts and by serving as “agents of change.” (Kerley, Matthews & Shoemaker, (2009), pp. 88, Para 2).

Ultimately, America must come to acceptance of the error of its ways. Yes, it is right seeking justice for those who break the law to be punished, but along with the punishment; does the thought that rape is, or that homosexuality  is wrong because of only those free? America needs its integrity back, because it is wrong for prisoners to be forced into positions of compromise because one fear for their life. One man’s tale gives evidence of the decision to give up and give into the brutal attacks comes on him saying,” “I had no choice but to submit to being [an inmate ‘s]prison wife. Out of fear for my life, I submitted to sucking his dick, being fucked in my ass, and performing other duties as a woman, such as making his bed. ” “I’m a tall white male, who unfortunately has a small amount of feminine characteristics. . . . These characteristics have got me raped [in prison] so many times I have no more feelings physically. I have been raped by up to 5 black men and two white men at a time. “I go through nightmares of being raped and sexually assaulted. I can’t stop thinking about it. I feel everyone is looking at me in a sexual way.” (Wyatt, R., (2006), pp. 579, Para. 1).  Homosexuality is wrong as is prisoner-guard relations because God says it, and most certainly rape is wrong; because it tears down human dignity and character. America it is time to wake up and do something about your sin problem in the big house.

©Copyright,2011, (Dailey, K., 2011)

References:

Kerley, Kent, R, Matthews, Todd, L., & Shoemaker, J. (2009). A Simple Plan, A Simple Faith: Chaplains and Lay Ministers in Mississippi Prison, Review of Religious Research, 2009. Volume 51(1): Pages 87-103. Retrieved from: http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/

De Amicis, A., (2005).  An Ethical Dilemma in Corrections. (August 21, 2005). Retrieved from: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/212621.pdf

Wyatt, R., (2006). MALE RAPE IN U.S. PRISONS: ARE CONJUGAL VISITS THE ANSWER?. Web Case Western Reserve Journal of International Law, 2006, Vol. 37 Issue 2/3, p579-614, 36p.  Retrieved from:  http//content.ebscohost.com/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?

Sargent A., (2010). Representing Prison Rape: Race, Masculinity, and Incarceration in Donald Goines’s White Man’s Justice, Black Man’s Grief. MELUS, Fall2010, Vol. 35 Issue 3, p131-155, 25p.  Retrieved from:  http://content.ebscohost.com/pdf23_24/pdf/2010/MEL/01Sep10/53071781.pdf?T

Mariner, J., (2002). Behind Bars in America. Human Rights, Spring2002, Vol. 29 Issue 2, p9, 3p Retrieved from: http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/pdfviewer/